Which Programming Language should you learn first?

Want to learn to code but not sure where to start? One of the most common questions raise in a mind is, "Which Programming Language should I learn first?"




You have many options but you have to start with the best out of them. Generally, when it comes to learn something new which have choices, its always confusing for a person to decide. To find the best one for yourself you should first find your purpose behind learning the language. 

First, I will give you answers of some common questions. Then in rest of the article I will do my best to set you up for choosing the best programming language for yourself. Here I will try to cover the basic details about some languages and some general use of those languages. So, let's dive into it. 


What is Programming Language?


A programming language is a formal language comprising a set of Instructions that produce various kinds  of output. Programming languages are used in computer programming to implement algorithms. 


Why is it needed? 


As we human only can understand some kind of native languages. Computers or machines can only understand binary language. But if we want to tell a machine to print something for us it's much time consuming to convert our instructions into binary form and then pass those to machine or computer. 

But what if you have a Magician who will do the same thing for you ?? Interesting, right! 😄 That magician actually exist who will do the things for you. And that the "Programming Language". Pretty cool haan 😉!!  Now let's jump to our main answer. 


Popular programming Languages to choose from


There are plenty of programming languages available. But if you are considering your career in coding, it's recommended that you stick to the mainstream languages when you're getting started. 

All programming languages have different scopes in tech Industry. You should give priority to mainstream languages as you will be having them as required skills in entry level job openings. 

What if your goal is to do freelancing in future? Then You should have project oriented skill sets for doing freelancing. 

The one of the other options is if you want to opt for AI/ ML/ Data science as your career, then you should have Python in your skill set as it's highly recommended skill for these fields. Now, I will try to figure out all these things with the list of some popular languages. I have listed them here in the alphabetical order.


1) C / C++


C is fast, structured, portable and has a rich library. A super set of C, C++ is an object-oriented programming language and incorporates all the features offered by C. Some programming languages are famous because of features like easy to learn and easy to use. But when it comes to choosing the fastest language then C and C++ is the best choice.

C / C++ can be found in today's operating systems, Graphical User Interfaces, and embedded systems. C/C++ is portable and can be used to develop applications that can be adapted to multiple platforms. It can also be used in development of new languages and games, medical and engineering applications, compilers, etc. As a learner of this language you might have bright career opportunities. 


2) C#


C# is intended to be a simple, modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It has a comprehensive set of libraries that makes execution and compilation of the program very fast.

C# is developed by Microsoft and it is a popular programming language used in web development, game development (X-box, virtual reality, and Unity 3D games), and in Windows applications. It is fully integrated with the .NET library. Most aspiring full-stack developers choose this versatile language. If you are aspiring to be a game developer or a web developer, C# might be the best suit to you.


3) Java


Java is Open source, Object- Oriented language, Cross-platform compatible Language. It is a general-purpose programming language intended to let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. It has powerful Features like stability, strong memory management and automatic garbage collection

Java is authorized by Oracle. Java can be used to create complete applications that may run on a single computer or be distributed among servers and clients in a network. It can also be used to build a small application module or applet for use as part of a Web page. Java is considered as the official programming language for mobile app development. Some of the most powerful Scientific applications like the MATLAB use Java for interacting user interface as well as part of the core system. Also it's being used in cloud applications, Enterprise Applications, GUI applications and many more.


4) JavaScript


JavaScript is Interpreted, light-weighted, Object-oriented programming. Last year JavaScript was on the top in the Stack Overflow survey report and this year it will be also one of the most popular languages among developers. JavaScript supports much of the structured programming syntax from C. 

JavaScript can be used for both server-side and client-side programming. JavaScript is mostly used in making websites. Two tech stacks like, MERN stack and MEAN stack are very famous among Developers. React Native enables the creation of native Android and iOS mobile apps that use a version of the React framework similar to websites. If you want to opt for web development JavaScript is recommended to be listed in your skillset. Also it's becoming famous among App Developers. 


5) Python


Python syntax is user-friendly in comparison to other languages and that increases developers’ productivity eventually. Since 2003, Python has consistently ranked in the top ten most popular programming languages in the TIOBE Programming Community Index where, as of February 2020, it is the third most popular language (behind Java, and C). 

Python can serve as a scripting language for web applications. Django, Flask, Pyramid these all python frameworks are popular among developers. Libraries such as NumPy, SciPy and Matplotlib allow the effective use of Python in scientific computing. That's the main reason why Python is famous among AI, ML, Data Science enthusiast and working professionals. So, You can start with Python if you want to opt for Web Development or AI, ML or Data Science. Currently, these scientific streams are on boom. 


Hope I could help you to clear your doubts. If You have still any doubts, Feel free to reach me out on janvithakkar.583@gmail.com. Also Your suggestions are welcomed.

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